“Parties operating or operating on their territory to use the water resources of the Guarani-Aquifer system take all necessary measures to prevent other contracting parties or the environment from being severely damaged.” The participants in the Water Forum decided that if they did not constantly follow the agreement, they would disintegrate. In addition, they acknowledged that circumstances and conditions would change in the intervening years and would likely have an impact on the terms of the agreement. That is why the representatives decided to train the Water Forum in follow-up efforts, always called water forum, as a mechanism to maintain and manage their commitment to the life of the agreement. This contribution analyses the legal and geopolitical framework that led to the signing of the Guarani Aquifer Agreement and assesses its potential to prevent future conflicts and deepen cooperation between states. The research was carried out by qualitative analyses of the results of the Guarani Aquifer 2 system project; MERCOSUR3,4,5; International water regulation1,6; Guarani`s Aquifer agreement7; and relevant literature8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15. However, under this article, the Commission will continue to play a limited role, as its participation must be invoked by the parties and their intervention has no binding consequences. If countries fail to reach an agreement under this procedure, Article 19 mentions the possibility of arbitration that would be defined by a future protocol. (1) provide a reliable and safe water supply for the economic health of the region and the planned development by 2030; and the 9th edition of the World Water Forum, the world`s largest water event, is taking place for the first time in sub-Saharan Africa. The 9th World Water Forum, co-hosted by the World Water Council and the Senegalese government, will take place during the third week of March 2021 in the Dakar metropolitan area, which will be celebrated under the global theme of water security for peace and development. The event will engage political leaders, practitioners and civil society to address access to water and sanitation and related issues in an integrated manner. Respondents are full of it: one of the direct results of the Water Forum has been the development of trust and new or in-depth relationships between members.
For example, they cite a greater willingness of stakeholders to go beyond jurisdictional boundaries, better interaction and mutual respect, and a wider range of communications on non-forum issues.